A U.S. federal agency that oversees “the welfare of the job seekers, wage earners and retirees of the United States by improving their working conditions, advancing their opportunities for profitable employment, protecting their retirement and healthcare benefits, helping employers find workers, strengthening free collective bargaining and tracking changes in employment, prices and other national economic measurements.” To achieve this mission, the department administers a variety of federal laws including, but not limited to, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA).
The Department was established by Act of Congress in 1913 to foster, promote, and develop the welfare of the wage earners of the United States, to improve their working conditions, and to advance their opportunities for profitable employment. The Department also has important functions in the field of international labor affairs. The major bureaus and offices of the Department include: Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, Bureau of Employment Security, Bureau of Labor Standards, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions, Women1 s Bureau, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, Office of Manpower, Automation and Training, Office of the Solicitor, Neighborhood Youth Corps, Labor-Management Services Administration, and Manpower Administration. The Secretary of Labor heads the Department.