"stop codon": a codon in mRNA for which there is no corresponding tRNA molecule to insert an amino acid into the polypeptide chain. Protein synthesis is terminated and the completed polypeptide is released from the ribosome. Three stop codons are known: UAA, UAG, and UGA. Mutations which generate any of these three codons in a position which normally contains a codon specifying an amino acid are known as 'nonsense mutations'; also called 'nonsense codons.' A stop codon signals the end of the amino acid chain in protein synthesis
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