Race of the reference person of the consumer unit. Families are included in three racial groups: Black or African-American; Asian; and White and All Other Races. The "All Other Races" group comprises such races as Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, Pacific Islanders, and those reporting more than one race.
Race and ethnicity are treated as separate concepts in the federal statistical system. The SBO asks both a race and an ethnicity question. Based on self-identification, the question on race asks respondents to report the race or races they consider the business owner(s) to be.
Means any of the different varieties of human beings as distinguished by physical characteristics; one among the group of populations constituting humanity, where differences are biological in nature and are transmitted genetically. The term is inaccurate when applied to national, religious, geographic, linguistic, or cultural groups.
The concept of race as used by the Census Bureau does not denote a clear-cut scientific definition of biological stock. Race was determined for each person in the household on the basis of a question that asked for the respondent´s identification of a person's race in one or more of the following categories:
Beginning with the 1993 NYCHVS, all persons who reported their race as other were allocated to one of the major race categories, as were persons not reporting race. Beginning in 2002, respondents were able to report multiple races. Thus, use caution when comparing racial data across surveys. For a further explanation of these differences see the section, "Relationship to Previous NYCHVS surveys" that starts in theOverview [PDF - 194K] .
Race is a fluid concept used to group people according to various factors including, ancestral background and social identity. Race is also used to group people that share a set of visible characteristics, such as skin color and facial features. Though these visible traits are influenced by genes, the vast majority of genetic variation exists within racial groups and not between them. Race is an ideology and for this reason, many scientists believe that race should be more accurately described as a social construct and not a biological one.