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A replication method that estimates standard errors of percentages and other statistics. It is particularly suited to complex sample designs. In the jackknife, sample units are grouped into pairs (replicate groups). Portions of the sample (replicates) are formed by repeatedly omitting one half of the units in one of the replicate groups and calculating the desired statistic (replicate estimate). The number of replicate estimates is equal to the number of replicate groups. The variability among the replicate estimates is used to estimate the overall sampling variability.

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