DEFINITION
Independent Expenditure

"Independent expenditure" means an expenditure by a person for a communication in support of or in opposition to a clearly identified candidate or measure that is not made with the cooperation or with the prior consent of, or in consultation with, or at the request or suggestion of, a candidate or any agent or authorized committee of the candidate, or any political committee or agent of a political committee supporting or opposing a measure. For purposes of this subsection:

(a) A communication is "in support of or in opposition to" a candidate or measure if:

(A) The communication, taken in its context, clearly and unambiguously urges the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate for nomination or election to public office, or the passage or defeat of a clearly identified measure;

(B) The communication, as a whole, seeks action rather than simply conveying information; and

(C) It is clear what action the communication advocates.

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