"Bear spread": 1. Options speculation. A composite speculative deal in two options, which results in a profit/loss profile similar to a conventional put option, except that the upside potential is capped in return for a reduction in the net premium payable. A bear spread can be constructed using put options by buying a put with a given strike price, and selling an otherwise identical put with a lower strike price. It can also be constructed using appropriate call options. 2. Hedging with options. A composite transaction in two options plus an underlying asset or other exposure, resulting in the same profit/ (loss) profile as the deal described in 1. above.