APPEAL: A request to take a case to a higher court for review. A request by the prosecutor or defense for a reviewing court to reconsider certain issues in the case and to render a different decision. The court of first resort for criminal and juvenile cases in the Minnesota Court of Appeals (except in first-degree murder cases). After the court of appeals has ruled, a party dissatisfied with that decision may request that the Minnesota Supreme Court hear the case. That decision is discretionary with the Court.
A request made after a trial by a party that has lost on one or more issues that a higher court review the decision to determine if it was correct. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the "appellant;" the other party is the "appellee."
Appeal has been defined 49 different ways in documents like Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, Title 14, Part 1206, Subpart 1, U.S. Government Medicare Program Glossary, U.S. Government Medicare Program Glossary, and 7 more.