Antideficiency Act
2 definitions

Antideficiency Act

Federal law that

  • prohibits the making of expenditures or the incurring of obligations in advance of an appropriation;

  • prohibits the incurring of obligations or the making of expenditures in excess of amounts available in appropriation or fund accounts unless specifically authorized by law (31 U.S.C. § 1341(a));

  • prohibits the acceptance of voluntary or personal services unless authorized by law (31 U.S.C. § 1342);

  • requires the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), via delegation from the President, to apportion appropriated funds and other budgetary resources for all executive branch agencies (31 U.S.C. § 1512);

  • requires a system of administrative controls within each agency (see 31 U.S.C. § 1514 for the administrative divisions established);

  • prohibits incurring any obligation or making any expenditure in excess of an apportionment or reapportionment or in excess of other subdivisions established pursuant to sections 1513 and 1514 of title 31 of the United States Code (31 U.S.C. § 1517); and

  • specifies penalties for deficiencies (see Antideficiency Act Violation).

    The act permits agencies to reserve funds (that is, withhold them from obligation) under certain circumstances. 

Antideficiency Act

Legislation enacted by Congress to prevent the incurring of obligations or the making of expenditures (outlays) in excess of amounts available in appropriations or funds; to fix responsibility within an agency for the creation of any obligation or the making of any expenditure in excess of apportionment or reapportionment or in excess of other subdivisions established pursuant to sections 1341 and 1517 of 31 U.S.C.; and to assist in bringing about the most effective and economical use of appropriations and funds.

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About this term

Antideficiency Act has been defined 2 different ways in documents like A Glossary of Terms Used in the Federal Budget Process, DoD Financial Management Regulation Glossary.

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