1. The process of identifying, reviewing, and abstracting the components of something. – 2. Cataloging · The process of writing a separate, supplementary description (an in-analytic) for a part of a collection or item for which a more general description has been entered into the catalog or finding aid. – 3. Cataloging · The process of assigning subject headings to materials described in a catalog; subject analysis. – 4. Classification · The process of subdividing a major subject category into its facets.