About 500 of some 22,000 commodity classification codes used in reporting U.S. merchandise trade are identified as "advanced technology" codes and they meet the following criteria:
- The code contains products whose technology is from a recognized high technology field (e.g.), biotechnology).
- These products represent leading edge technology in that field.
- Such products constitute a significant part of all items covered in the selected classification code.
This product and commodity-based measure of advanced technology differs from broader NAICS industry-based measures which include all goods produced by a particular industry group, regardless of the level of technology embodied in the goods. ATP classifications are assigned by the Foreign Trade Division of the U.S. Census Bureau.