DOCUMENT
Glossary
544 definitions by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and National Aeronautics Space Administration, Earth Observatory

Absolute ZeroAbsorptionAccelerationAcid RainACRIMSATActive System (Active Sensor)Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER)Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)AdvectAerosolAir MassAir PollutionAir PressureAlbedoAlgaeAlgal BloomsAlgorithmAlkalineAltimeterAmes Research Center (ARC)AmplitudeAnaglyphAnemometerAnomalyAnthropogenicAnticycloneAphelionApogeeAquiferArctic CircleAscending NodeAstronomical Unit (AU)AtmosphereAtmospheric Infrared SounderAtmospheric PressureAtmospheric Radiation Measurements Program (ARM)Atmospheric Response VariablesAtmospheric WindowsAtollAttenuationAzimuthBackscatterBandBandwidthBarometerBaseBeamwidthBearingBermBioassayBiodegradationBiodiversityBiogenicBiogeochemical CyclesBiomassBiomeBiosphereBiotaBlackbodyBlizzardBorealBoreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS)Brightness TemperatureBroadleafBusCalibrationCalorieCanopyCarbohydrateCarbonatesCarbon CycleCarbon DioxideCarbon SequestrationCarrying CapacityCartographyCelsiusChlorofluorocarbon (CFC)ChlorophyllCirrusClarke BeltClimate ChangeClimate ModelClimate SystemClimatologyCloud AlbedoCloud FeedbackCloud ForcingCloudsClouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES)Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS)CoccolithophoreCondensationConductionConiferContrailsConvectionCoriolis ForceCoupled SystemCryosphereCulminationCumulonimbusCumulusCycloneDataData SetDeciduousDeclinationDecompositionDefense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)DeforestationDegreeDeltaDemodulationDepositionDescending NodeDesertDesertificationDetectorDetritusDewDew PointDiatomDigitalDigital Elevation Model (DEM)Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)DiurnalDobson UnitDoldrumsDoppler Effect (aka Doppler Shift)Doppler RadarDownwellingDynamicsDynamoEarth Observing System Data & Information System (EOSDIS)Earth Observing System (EOS)Earth ProbesEarth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE)Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS)Earth Science Enterprise (ESE)Earth SystemEarth System ScienceEasterly WaveEccentricityEclipseEcologyEcosystemElectrical ResonanceElectromagnetic RadiationElectromagnetic SpectrumElectromagnetic WaveElevationElliptical OrbitsEl Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)El NinoEmissivityEnergy BudgetEnhanced Greenhouse EffectEnhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM +)EnvironmentEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA)EstuaryEutrophicationEvaporationEvapotranspirationExosphereExternal ForcingFahrenheitFalse ColorFar InfraredFault LineFeedback MechanismsFieldField of ViewFlood PlainFluorocarbonsFluxFogFood ChainForceFossilFossil FuelFraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR)Free RadicalsFrequency (F)FrontFrostGaia HypothesisGamma RayGeneral Circulation Model (GCM)GeodesyGeodynamicsGeographic Information System (GIS)GeoidGeomorphologyGeophysicalGeosphereGeostationaryGeostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS)Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)Geosynchronous (aka GEO)GigabitGlacierGlenn Research Center at Lewis Field (GRC)Global Carbon BudgetGlobal Change Research Program (GCRP)Global Climate ChangeGlobal MeasurementGlobal Positioning System (GPS)Global VariablesGlobal WarmingGoddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)GrasslandGreenhouse EffectGreenhouse GasGross National ProductGround TrackGulf StreamHabitatHailHazeHeat BalanceHeat Island EffectHemisphereHerbaceousHigh-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS)Horse LatitudesHumusHurricanesHydrocarbonHydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)HydrodynamicsHydrologic CycleHydrologyHydrosphereHygrometerHyperspectralIce AgeIce CoreIce Sheet (Continental Glacier)Ice ShelfImagerInclinationInformation SystemInfrared Radiation (IR)In SituInsolationInternational Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP)International System of Units (SI)Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)IonIsobarsIsothermalIsothermsIsthmusJapanese National Space Development Agency (NASDA)Jason-1Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)Jet StreamJohnson Space Center (JSC)Joint Education Initiative (JEI)KelvinKennedy Space Center (KSC)KilobitKilometer (km)KnotKu-BandLaharLakeLand BreezeLand CoverLandsatLangley Research Center (LaRC)La NiñaLaser RangingLatent HeatLatitude (aka the Geodetic Latitude)Lava DomeLeaf Area Index (LAI)LegendLidarLightLight Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER)LightningLightning Imaging Sensor (LIS)LithosphereLittle Ice AgeLongitudeLongwave RadiationLow or Low-Pressure SystemMadden-Julian OscillationMagnetosphereMarshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)Mass BalanceMean Sea LevelMeasurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT)MegabitMesopauseMesosphereMetabolismMetadataMeteorMeteoriteMeteorologyMETEOSATMethane (CH4)MicrobeMicrometerMicrowaveMiddle InfraredMillibar (mb)Model (Noun)Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)MonsoonMontreal ProtocolMountain and Valley BreezesMount PinatuboMulti-Angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer (MISR)Multispectral Scanner (MSS)NadirNanometer (nm)National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC)Nautical MileNear InfraredNegative FeedbackNet Primary Production (NPP)Newton's Law of Universal GravitationNewton's Laws of MotionNimbus Satellite ProgramNitrogen DioxideNitrogen FixationNitrogen Oxides (NOx)Nitrous Oxide (N2O)Normalized Difference Vegetation IndexNorth Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)ObliquityOccluded Front (Occlusion)OceanOcean ColorOptical Thickness (Optical Depth)Optical Transient Detector (OTD)OrbitOrbital PlaneOrganicOzoneOzone HoleOzone LayerOzone-Measuring Satellite InstrumentsOzone Mini-Hole(s)Pacific Disaster CenterPaleoclimatePaleoclimatologyPaleogeographyPanchromaticParameterParticulatesParts per BillionPascal (Pa)Passive MicrowavePassive SystemPayloadPerigee (aka Periapsis or Perifocus)PerihelionPeriodPeriod Decay (aka Decay)PermafrostPerturbationspHPhotochemical SmogPhotochemistryPhotodissociationPhotonPhotoreceptorPhotosynthesisPhotosynthetically Active RadiationPhysical Climate SystemPhysicsPhytoplanktonPixelPlanetary AlbedoPlanetary Boundary LayerPlanetesimalsPlasmaPlate TectonicsPlatformsPolar OrbitPolar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES)Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSCs)Polar VortexPollutantPolynyaPositive FeedbackPrecessionPrecipitationPrevailing WesterliesPrimary ProductivityProcessProcess StudyPrograde OrbitPsychrometerPycnoclinePyroclasticPyroclastic FlowPyrogenicQuikscatRadar InterferometryRadiantRadiationRadiation BudgetRadiative CoolingRadiative ForcingRadiative TransferRadioactiveRadiometerRadiosondeRadio SpectrumRadio WaveRain ForestRain GaugeReflectionRelative HumidityRemote SensingResolutionRespirationRetrograde OrbitRevolutionRotationSahelSalinitySamplingSatelliteSatellite RevolutionSavannaS-BandScanning RadiometerScatteringScatterometerSceneSea BreezeSea Ice Draft (Have Picture)Sea Ice Thickness (Have Picture)Sea LevelSea Surface Temperature AnomalySea Surface Temperature (SST)Sea-Viewing Wide Field-Of-View Sensor (SeaWiFS)Sensible HeatSensorSensor CalibrationShield VolcanoShortwave RadiationShuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)Sine WaveSinkSmogSolar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer (SBUV)Solar ConstantSolar CycleSolar MaximumSolar MinimumSolar RadiationSolar WindSounderSouthern OscillationSpatialSpectral BandSpectral SignatureSpectrophotometerSpectrumSpotStennis Space Center (SSC)StratificationStratocumulusStratosphereStratospheric Aerosol & Gas Experiment (SAGE)StratovolcanoSubductionSubsatellite PointSubsidenceSubtropicalSulfate AerosolSulfur Dioxide (SO2)SunSunglintSunphotometerSunspotSun-SynchronousSurface Air TemperatureSwathSynoptic ChartSynoptic ViewSynthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)TaigaTectonicTelemetryTelevision and Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS)TemperateTemperatureTemporalTerminus (of a Glacier)TerraTerrestrial RadiationThematic Mapper (TM)TheoremTheoryThermalThermal InfraredThermoclineThermodynamicThermohalineThermosphereThunderThunderstormTIROS-N/NOAA SatellitesTopex/ PoseidonTopographyTornadoTotal Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)Total Solar IrradianceTrace GasTracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS)Trade WindsTranspirationTropicalTropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere (TOGA)Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)Tropical StormTropopauseTroposphereTropospheric Emission SpectrometerTropospheric Ozone (O3)TroughTundraTyphoonUltraviolet RadiationUnited States Geological Survey (USGS)United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)UpdraftUpper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS)UpwellingValidation
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