DOCUMENT
NOAA Fisheries Glossary
862 definitions by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

UncertaintyUnblocked QuotaTurbidityTypographic FeaturesTwo-pie SystemTurtle Excluder DeviceTuningT TARGETTrophic LevelTrophic GroupTrollingTrollerTrip LimitsTrenchTrawlingTrawl NetTrap FishingTransshipmentTransparencyTransnational FisheriesTranslocationTransitionalTransshipmentTransgenicTransferred SpeciesTransboundary StocksTransaction CostsTragedy of the CommonsTraditional RightsTradeoffsTrade-offTrade AnalysisTradable PermitsTotal WelfareTotal MortalityTotal Maximum Daily LoadTotal LengthTotal Economic Value FrameworkTotal CatchTotal Allowable CatchT MINT MAXTop-Down ManagementTidal WetlandsTidal RangeTidal MarshTidal FlatTidal CurrentThresholdsThreshold Reference PointThermoclineTerritorial SeaTerraceTerminal FTenureTemperate WatersTechnological InteractionTarget StrengthTarget SpeciesTarget Reference PointTarget Fishing CapacityTarget FishingTaggingSystems AnalysisSustainable UseSustainable Fisheries ActSustainable FishingSustainable DevelopmentSustainable Catch (Yield)Sustainability IndicatorsSustainabilitySurvival RatioSurvival RateSurvey DesignSurplus Production ModelSurplus ProductionSurimiSurface WaterSurface (Mixed) LayerSupratidalSupporting ServicesSupporting Ecosystem ServicesSupportSupply GlutsSupply FunctionSuper SeinerSummary SettlementSubtidalSubstrateSubstitutionsSubsistence FisherySubsidySubsidenceSubmerged BankStratified Mean (Average) Catch Per TowStratificationStrategyStraddling StockStockingStock-Recruitment RelationshipStock StructureStock Assessment and Fishery Evaluation ReportStock AssessmentStockStochasticStern TrawlerSteady StateStatus QuoStatus of ExploitationStatus Determination CriteriaStatistical ModelStatisticStationaryStates of NatureStated Preference MethodsState of StocksStanding StockStandard LengthStandardizedStandardization (Calibration)StandardStakeholderStabilitySpill-Over EffectsSpecies RichnessSpecies GroupSpecies DiversitySpecies AssemblageSpeciesSpawning SubstrateSpawning Stock BiomassSpawning StockSpawning Potential RatioSpawning Output per Recruit (SPR)Spawning BiomassSpawningSpawner-Recruit RelationshipSpatial HeterogeneitySpatial (Area) ClosuresSourceSonarSocio-Economic BenefitsSocio-EconomicSocial Rate of Time PreferenceSocial Impact AssessmentSocial ImpactsSocial FactorsSocial Discount RateSocial Costs and BenefitsSocial CostsSocial CapitalSmoltSmall-Scale ProducersSlot LimitSlopeSize-at-First-MaturitySize-at-AgeSize SamplesSize LimitSize DistributionSingle-Species ModelSingle-Species FisherySimulationSinkShoaling FishShoalShellfishShelf EdgeShelf BreakShared StockShadow PriceSexual DimorphismSet LonglineSet GillnetSessileSequential Population AnalysisSeparabilitySensitivity AnalysisSelectivitySelective GearSeine NetSedentary SpeciesSecretarial Fishery Management PlanSecretary of CommerceSeasonal ClosureSeamountSeagrassScientific and Statistical CommitteeScientific (Fisheries) Research VesselScientific Fishery (Resource) SurveyScientific CruiseSchoolSchaefer ModelScenarioScattergramSatellite ImagerySashimiSampling DesignSampleSaltonstall-Kennedy Act (SK Funds)Salt WedgeSalt MarshSalinityRulemakingResource Management PlanRunoffRunRound WeightRobustnessRiver PlumeRisk ManagementRisk AssessmentRiskRiparian HabitatRiparianReversibilityMarine Protected AreaMarine PollutionMarine Mammal Protection ActMarine MammalsMarineMaricultureMarginal YieldManagement StrategyManagement Reference PointsManagement ObjectiveManagement AuthorityManagementMaintainable YieldMagnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act)MacrofaunaLong-Term Potential Catch (Yield)LonglinerLonglineLogbookLocationLocal DepletionLittoral ZoneLimited Entry FisheryLimited EntryLimit Reference PointsLimit CapacityLifespanLicense LimitationLicenseLevel of ExploitationLength-Weight RelationshipLength RequirementLength-Frequency DistributionLength FrequencyLength at First MaturityLeast SquaresLatent SpeciesLarge Marine EcosystemLarge FluctuationsLandings DataLandingsZooplanktonZoningZero Mortality Rate GoalZero Opportunity CostsYield-per-Recruit AnalysisYield per RecruitYieldWetlandWeight-at-AgeWatershedWater ResourcesWater Quality CriteriaWater QualityWater PollutionWater MassWater ColumnWasteVulnerabilityVital RatesVirtual Population AnalysisVirgin StockVirgin BiomassVessel OwnerVessel OperatorVessel Monitoring SystemVessel ClassVertical IntegrationVariable CostsVariableValuesValue AddedValueValuationUtilized StockUser-Pays PrincipleUser GroupUserUse RightsUsable StockUpwellingUplandUnregulated FisheryUnit StockUndeveloped FisheryUnderutilized SpeciesUndersizedUnderfishedUNCLOSIslandInvertebrateInvasive SpeciesIntroduced SpeciesIntrinsic Rate of IncreaseIntrinsic Growth Rate (R)Intertidal ZoneInterstate Marine Fisheries CommissionsIntegrated AnalysisInstantaneous Rate of Surplus ProductionInstantaneous Rate of RecruitmentInstantaneous Rate of MortalityInstantaneous Rate of GrowthInshore WatersIn-Season AdjustmentsInput-Output AnalysisInput ControlsInitial Regulatory Flexibility AnalysisInformation ManagementInfaunaIndustrial FisheryIndividual Transferable QuotaIndividual Fishing QuotaIndirect MethodsIndigenous FishingIndicatorsIndex of AbundanceIndex of AbundanceIncidental TakeIncidental CatchIchthyoplanktonHypersalineHydrothermal VentHouseholdHook and LineHighly Migratory SpeciesHigh Seas ResourcesHigh SeasHighgradingHeritage ValueHealthHead RopeHead BoatHarvesting CapacityHarvest Specifi cationsHarvest GuidelineHarvest Control RuleHarvestHalophyticHadal ZoneHabitat Area(s) of Particular ConcernHabitatGyreGuyotGrowth RateGrowth OverfishingGrowth ModelGrowthGroundfishGross Register TonGross Economic BenefitsGovernanceGoods and ServicesGonadosomatic IndexGlobal Positioning SystemGillnetGhost FishingGeothermal VentGeographic RegionGeographic Information SystemGenetically Modified OrganismGeneration TimeGeneral Linear ModelGear RestrictionGear ConflictGearGastropodsFully ExploitedFrontFreedom of Information ActFork LengthForage SpeciesFootropeFood SecurityFood ChainFood and Agriculture OrganizationFjordFixed GearFixed CostsFishing PowerF X%Fτ (also FEXTINCTION, FCRASH)F MAXF MSYF MSYF MEDF LOWF HIGHF10%F0.1Fishing Mortality (F)Fishing IntensityFishing EffortFishing CommunityFishing CapacityFishingFishery TechnologyFishery ResourceFishery ReserveFishery PolicyFishery PolicyFishery ModelsFishery Management UnitFishery Management PlanFishery Management CouncilFishery-IndependentFishery Economic Assessment ModelFishery-DependentFishery Conservation ZoneFisheryFishery Conservation and Management ActFisheryFisheries Management OrganizationFisheries Management AuthorityFisheries ManagementFisherFish StockFish MealFish Aggregating DeviceFishFinningFinfishFinding of No Signifi cant ImpactFinancial RatioFinancial AnalysisFilletFederal RegisterFecundityFathomFactory TrawlerF-RatioEx-VesselExploitation RateExploitation PatternExploitable BiomassExistence ValueExempted Fishing PermitExecutive Order 12866Exclusive Economic ZoneExcess CapacityEvolutionary Signifi cant UnitEuryhalineEstuaryEstuarineEstimated Discard MortalityEFH Conservation RecommendationEFH ConsultationEFH AssessmentEFH AssessmentEssential Fish HabitatEssential Fish HabitatEscapementEquilibrium YieldEquilibrium CatchEpifaunaEnvironmental Protection AgencyEnvironmental Impact StatementEnvironmental EthicsEnvironmental AssessmentEndorsementEndemismEndangered Species ActEndangered SpeciesEmergency ActionEl Niño-Southern OscillationElasmobranchEgg SurveyEffortEcotourismEcosystem ServicesEcosystem PropertiesEcosystem-Based ManagementEcosystem HealthEcosystem FunctionEcosystem AssessmentEcosystem Approach to ManagementEcosystem Approach to FisheriesEcosystemEconomic ValueEconomic RentEconomic OverfishingEconomic Effi CiencyEcological ReserveEbb TideDownwellingDomestic Annual ProcessingDomestic Annual HarvestDiscardDisappearance (Z)Directed FisheryDetritusDeterministicDerby FisheryDepleted StockDensity-IndependentDensity-DependenceDemographyDemersalDemand FunctionDelta MethodDeltaDeep SlopeDeep Shelf and TerraceDedicated Access PrivilegesDeclineDecision AnalysisRetention CurveRetentionResponsible FisheriesResponsesResourcesResource ValuationResource RentResilienceResidualReplacement YieldRentRenewable Natural ResourceRemovalsReliabilityRelative AbundanceRegulatory Impact ReviewRegulatory Flexibility AnalysisRegulatory Flexibility ActRegulatory AmendmentRegulative CapacityRegression AnalysisRegime ShiftRefugesReference PointReference LevelReef FishReefRed TideRecruitsRecruitment per Spawning Stock BiomassRecruitment OverfishingRecruitment CurveRecruitment (R)RecruitRecreational Fishery Information Network (RecFin)Recreational FisheryRebuilding PlanRebuilding AnalysisRate of RemovalRate of ExploitationRace-to-FishQuota SharesQuotaPycnoclinePurse SeinePure Public GoodProducer SurplusProbabilityPulse FishingProtected SpeciesProtected AreaProposed RuleProposed AlternativesProperty RightsPropertyProjectionProhibited SpeciesProgrammatic Environmental Impact StatementProfitProductivityProduction ModelProduction Expansion FactorProductionProducer SurplusProcessingPrivate Costs and BenefitsPrincipal SpeciesPrimary ProductivityPrimary ProductionPre-RecruitsPreferred AlternativePredator-Prey RelationshipPredationPrecisionPrecautionary ApproachPractical Salinity UnitPotsPotential Biological RemovalPost LarvaePossession LimitPopulation ModelPopulation DynamicsPopulationPop-Up TagPollutionPolicymakerPolicyPoint SourcePoachingPlanktonPinnipedPhytoplanktonPhotic ZonePermit StackingPelagic FishPelagicParty BoatPartial RecruitmentParameterParalytic Shellfish PoisoningPacific States Marine Fisheries CommissionPacific Coast Fisheries Information NetworkPacific Decadal OscillationP MAXOverfishing LimitOverfishingOverfishedOverexploitedOver-ExploitationOvercapitalizationOvercapacityOutput ControlsOtolithOrganic MaterialOptimum Yield (OY)Optimum Sustainable PopulationOptimum SizeOptimum (Fishing) CapacityOptimum AgeOpportunity CostsOpen Access ResourceOpen AccessOlympic FishingOff shore WatersOceanic SystemOceanicObserverObjectiveNurseryNumbers-at-AgeNotice of Violation and AssessmentNotice ActionsNormsNormativeNon-UsersNon-Target SpeciesNon-Point SourcesNon-Monetary BenefitsNon-Governmental OrganizationNon-Consumptive UseNominal EffortNominal CatchNetwork Marine Protected AreasNet Present ValueNet Economic BenefitsNeritic SystemNeritic (Coastal) ZoneNektonNearshore Marine SystemNearshoreNautical MileNatural Mortality (M)Native SpeciesNational Standard GuidelinesNational Standard 10National Standard 9National Standard 8National Standard 7National Standard 6National Standard 5National Standard 4National Standard 3National Standard 2National Standard 1National StandardsNational Research CouncilNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNational Marine Fisheries ServiceNational Environmental Policy ActNational Academy of SciencesMultiplierMultispecies FisheryMortality RateMudflatMortalityMorphometricsMoratoriumMonte CarloMonitoringMolluskModelMinimum Stock Size Threshold (MSST, Bthreshold)Minimum SizeMinimum Mesh SizeMigrationMidwaterMid-Ocean RidgeMetric Ton (t, mt)MetapopulationMesopelagic ZoneMesh SizeMeristicsMegafaunaMean Generation TimeMaximum Yield-per-RecruitMaximum Willingness to PayMaximum Sustainable YieldMaximum Spawning PotentialMaximum LikelihoodMaximum Fishing Mortality ThresholdMaximum Expected Log Stationary YieldMaximum Expected Stationary YieldMaturityMature IndividualsMark-RecaptureMarine ReserveMarine Recreational Fisheries Statistical SurveyCurrent SystemCurrentCumulative (Catch) Limit StackingCumulative (Catch) LimitCulturally AffiliatedCultural LandscapeCrustaceansCritical SizeCritical AreasCouncilCost-Benefit AnalysisCore AreaCoral ReefCo-Occurring StocksConvergence ZoneConvention on the International Trade of Endangered SpeciesControlled AccessControl RuleControl DateContingent ValuationContinental SlopeContinental ShelfContinental RiseContinental MarginContiguous Fishery Zone (CFZ)Consumer SurplusConnectivityConfidence Interval (CI)Condition Factor (K)Conceptual ModelCompensatory SurvivalCompensatory GrowthCommunity Development QuotaCommunityCommon Property ResourceCommon PropertyCommercial FisheryCohort Replacement RateCohort AnalysisCohortCoeffi cient of VariationCodendCoded-Wire TagCode of Federal RegulationsCoastal Zone Management ActCoastal Pelagic SpeciesClosed SeasonCharter BoatCetaceansCeremonial and SubsistenceCatch RateCatch Per Unit (of) Eff ORTCatcher-Processor VesselCatcher VesselCatch CurveCatchability Coeffi Cient (q)CatchabilityCatchCatadromousCash Flow AnalysisCarrying CapacityCapacityCapabilityCAGEANBycatch Reduction (Excluder) DeviceBycatchBuff er ZoneBoundary CurrentBootstrapBony FishesBloomBlocked Quota SharesBioticBiotaBiomass (B)Biological Reference PointsBiological OpinionBiological Diversity (Biodiversity)Biological AssessmentBiogeographyBioeconomic ModelingBiasBillfishBiasBest Available ScienceBenthosBenthicBeachBayesianBathypelagic ZoneBathymetryBathyl ZoneBasinBaselineBarrier ReefBarrier IslandBankBag limitBMSYB0 (B“zero”)AvailabilityAtollAssociated SpeciesAssessment LevelAssessmentAssemblageArtisanal FisheryArea ClosureArchipelagoAquacultureAphoticAnoxicAnnual (Total) Mortality (Rate)AnglerAnglerAnadromousAlternativesAllocationAllowable Biological CatchAge-Length KeyAge Frequency or Age StructureAge ClassAgeAdvisory PanelAdaptive ManagementAcoustic SurveyAccuracyAcceptable Biological CatchAbyssal ZoneAbyssalpelagic ZoneAbyssal PlainAbundance Index(Absolute) AbundanceAbiotic