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NOAA Fisheries Glossary
862 definitions by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Abiotic(Absolute) AbundanceAbundance IndexAbyssalpelagic ZoneAbyssal PlainAbyssal ZoneAcceptable Biological CatchAccuracyAcoustic SurveyAdaptive ManagementAdvisory PanelAgeAge ClassAge Frequency or Age StructureAge-Length KeyAllocationAllowable Biological CatchAlternativesAnadromousAnglerAnglerAnnual (Total) Mortality (Rate)AnoxicAphoticAquacultureArchipelagoArea ClosureArtisanal FisheryAssemblageAssessmentAssessment LevelAssociated SpeciesAtollAvailabilityB0 (B“zero”)Bag limitBankBarrier IslandBarrier ReefBaselineBasinBathyl ZoneBathymetryBathypelagic ZoneBayesianBeachBenthicBenthosBest Available ScienceBiasBiasBillfishBioeconomic ModelingBiogeographyBiological AssessmentBiological Diversity (Biodiversity)Biological OpinionBiological Reference PointsBiomass (B)BiotaBioticBlocked Quota SharesBloomBMSYBony FishesBootstrapBoundary CurrentBuff er ZoneBycatchBycatch Reduction (Excluder) DeviceCAGEANCapabilityCapacityCarrying CapacityCash Flow AnalysisCatadromousCatchCatchabilityCatchability Coeffi Cient (q)Catch CurveCatcher-Processor VesselCatcher VesselCatch Per Unit (of) Eff ORTCatch RateCeremonial and SubsistenceCetaceansCharter BoatClosed SeasonCoastal Pelagic SpeciesCoastal Zone Management ActCoded-Wire TagCodendCode of Federal RegulationsCoeffi cient of VariationCohortCohort AnalysisCohort Replacement RateCommercial FisheryCommon PropertyCommon Property ResourceCommunityCommunity Development QuotaCompensatory GrowthCompensatory SurvivalConceptual ModelCondition Factor (K)Confidence Interval (CI)ConnectivityConsumer SurplusContiguous Fishery Zone (CFZ)Continental MarginContinental RiseContinental ShelfContinental SlopeContingent ValuationControl DateControlled AccessControl RuleConvention on the International Trade of Endangered SpeciesConvergence ZoneCo-Occurring StocksCoral ReefCore AreaCost-Benefit AnalysisCouncilCritical AreasCritical SizeCrustaceansCultural LandscapeCulturally AffiliatedCumulative (Catch) LimitCumulative (Catch) Limit StackingCurrentCurrent SystemDecision AnalysisDeclineDedicated Access PrivilegesDeep Shelf and TerraceDeep SlopeDeltaDelta MethodDemand FunctionDemersalDemographyDensity-DependenceDensity-IndependentDepleted StockDerby FisheryDeterministicDetritusDirected FisheryDisappearance (Z)DiscardDomestic Annual HarvestDomestic Annual ProcessingDownwellingEbb TideEcological ReserveEconomic Effi CiencyEconomic OverfishingEconomic RentEconomic ValueEcosystemEcosystem Approach to FisheriesEcosystem Approach to ManagementEcosystem AssessmentEcosystem-Based ManagementEcosystem FunctionEcosystem HealthEcosystem PropertiesEcosystem ServicesEcotourismEffortEFH AssessmentEFH AssessmentEFH Conservation RecommendationEFH ConsultationEgg SurveyElasmobranchEl Niño-Southern OscillationEmergency ActionEndangered SpeciesEndangered Species ActEndemismEndorsementEnvironmental AssessmentEnvironmental EthicsEnvironmental Impact StatementEnvironmental Protection AgencyEpifaunaEquilibrium CatchEquilibrium YieldEscapementEssential Fish HabitatEssential Fish HabitatEstimated Discard MortalityEstuarineEstuaryEuryhalineEvolutionary Signifi cant UnitExcess CapacityExclusive Economic ZoneExecutive Order 12866Exempted Fishing PermitExistence ValueExploitable BiomassExploitation PatternExploitation RateEx-VesselF0.1F10%Factory TrawlerFathomFecundityFederal RegisterF HIGHFτ (also FEXTINCTION, FCRASH)FilletFinancial AnalysisFinancial RatioFinding of No Signifi cant ImpactFinfishFinningFishFish Aggregating DeviceFisherFisheries ManagementFisheries Management AuthorityFisheries Management OrganizationFisheryFisheryFishery Conservation and Management ActFishery Conservation ZoneFishery-DependentFishery Economic Assessment ModelFishery-IndependentFishery Management CouncilFishery Management PlanFishery Management UnitFishery ModelsFishery PolicyFishery PolicyFishery ReserveFishery ResourceFishery TechnologyFishingFishing CapacityFishing CommunityFishing EffortFishing IntensityFishing Mortality (F)Fishing PowerFish MealFish StockFixed CostsFixed GearFjordF LOWF MAXF MEDF MSYF MSYFood and Agriculture OrganizationFood ChainFood SecurityFootropeForage SpeciesFork LengthF-RatioFreedom of Information ActFrontFully ExploitedF X%GastropodsGearGear ConflictGear RestrictionGeneral Linear ModelGeneration TimeGenetically Modified OrganismGeographic Information SystemGeographic RegionGeothermal VentGhost FishingGillnetGlobal Positioning SystemGonadosomatic IndexGoods and ServicesGovernanceGross Economic BenefitsGross Register TonGroundfishGrowthGrowth ModelGrowth OverfishingGrowth RateGuyotGyreHabitatHabitat Area(s) of Particular ConcernHadal ZoneHalophyticHarvestHarvest Control RuleHarvest GuidelineHarvesting CapacityHarvest Specifi cationsHead BoatHead RopeHealthHeritage ValueHighgradingHighly Migratory SpeciesHigh SeasHigh Seas ResourcesHook and LineHouseholdHydrothermal VentHypersalineIchthyoplanktonIncidental CatchIncidental TakeIndex of AbundanceIndex of AbundanceIndicatorsIndigenous FishingIndirect MethodsIndividual Fishing QuotaIndividual Transferable QuotaIndustrial FisheryInfaunaInformation ManagementInitial Regulatory Flexibility AnalysisInput ControlsInput-Output AnalysisIn-Season AdjustmentsInshore WatersInstantaneous Rate of GrowthInstantaneous Rate of MortalityInstantaneous Rate of RecruitmentInstantaneous Rate of Surplus ProductionIntegrated AnalysisInterstate Marine Fisheries CommissionsIntertidal ZoneIntrinsic Growth Rate (R)Intrinsic Rate of IncreaseIntroduced SpeciesInvasive SpeciesInvertebrateIslandLandingsLandings DataLarge FluctuationsLarge Marine EcosystemLatent SpeciesLeast SquaresLength at First MaturityLength FrequencyLength-Frequency DistributionLength RequirementLength-Weight RelationshipLevel of ExploitationLicenseLicense LimitationLifespanLimit CapacityLimited EntryLimited Entry FisheryLimit Reference PointsLittoral ZoneLocal DepletionLocationLogbookLonglineLonglinerLong-Term Potential Catch (Yield)MacrofaunaMagnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act)Maintainable YieldManagementManagement AuthorityManagement ObjectiveManagement Reference PointsManagement StrategyMarginal YieldMaricultureMarineMarine Mammal Protection ActMarine MammalsMarine PollutionMarine Protected AreaMarine Recreational Fisheries Statistical SurveyMarine ReserveMark-RecaptureMature IndividualsMaturityMaximum Expected Log Stationary YieldMaximum Expected Stationary YieldMaximum Fishing Mortality ThresholdMaximum LikelihoodMaximum Spawning PotentialMaximum Sustainable YieldMaximum Willingness to PayMaximum Yield-per-RecruitMean Generation TimeMegafaunaMeristicsMesh SizeMesopelagic ZoneMetapopulationMetric Ton (t, mt)Mid-Ocean RidgeMidwaterMigrationMinimum Mesh SizeMinimum SizeMinimum Stock Size Threshold (MSST, Bthreshold)ModelMolluskMonitoringMonte CarloMoratoriumMorphometricsMortalityMortality RateMudflatMultiplierMultispecies FisheryNational Academy of SciencesNational Environmental Policy ActNational Marine Fisheries ServiceNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNational Research CouncilNational Standard 1National Standard 10National Standard 2National Standard 3National Standard 4National Standard 5National Standard 6National Standard 7National Standard 8National Standard 9National Standard GuidelinesNational StandardsNative SpeciesNatural Mortality (M)Nautical MileNearshoreNearshore Marine SystemNektonNeritic (Coastal) ZoneNeritic SystemNet Economic BenefitsNet Present ValueNetwork Marine Protected AreasNominal CatchNominal EffortNon-Consumptive UseNon-Governmental OrganizationNon-Monetary BenefitsNon-Point SourcesNon-Target SpeciesNon-UsersNormativeNormsNotice ActionsNotice of Violation and AssessmentNumbers-at-AgeNurseryObjectiveObserverOceanicOceanic SystemOff shore WatersOlympic FishingOpen AccessOpen Access ResourceOpportunity CostsOptimum AgeOptimum (Fishing) CapacityOptimum SizeOptimum Sustainable PopulationOptimum Yield (OY)Organic MaterialOtolithOutput ControlsOvercapacityOvercapitalizationOver-ExploitationOverexploitedOverfishedOverfishingOverfishing LimitPacific Coast Fisheries Information NetworkPacific Decadal OscillationPacific States Marine Fisheries CommissionParalytic Shellfish PoisoningParameterPartial RecruitmentParty BoatPelagicPelagic FishPermit StackingPhotic ZonePhytoplanktonPinnipedPlanktonP MAXPoachingPoint SourcePolicyPolicymakerPollutionPopulationPopulation DynamicsPopulation ModelPop-Up TagPossession LimitPost LarvaePotential Biological RemovalPotsPractical Salinity UnitPrecautionary ApproachPrecisionPredationPredator-Prey RelationshipPreferred AlternativePre-RecruitsPrimary ProductionPrimary ProductivityPrincipal SpeciesPrivate Costs and BenefitsProbabilityProcessingProducer SurplusProducer SurplusProductionProduction Expansion FactorProduction ModelProductivityProfitProgrammatic Environmental Impact StatementProhibited SpeciesProjectionPropertyProperty RightsProposed AlternativesProposed RuleProtected AreaProtected SpeciesPulse FishingPure Public GoodPurse SeinePycnoclineQuotaQuota SharesRace-to-FishRate of ExploitationRate of RemovalRebuilding AnalysisRebuilding PlanRecreational FisheryRecreational Fishery Information Network (RecFin)RecruitRecruitment CurveRecruitment OverfishingRecruitment per Spawning Stock BiomassRecruitment (R)RecruitsRed TideReefReef FishReference LevelReference PointRefugesRegime ShiftRegression AnalysisRegulative CapacityRegulatory AmendmentRegulatory Flexibility ActRegulatory Flexibility AnalysisRegulatory Impact ReviewRelative AbundanceReliabilityRemovalsRenewable Natural ResourceRentReplacement YieldResidualResilienceResource Management PlanResource RentResourcesResource ValuationResponsesResponsible FisheriesRetentionRetention CurveReversibilityRiparianRiparian HabitatRiskRisk AssessmentRisk ManagementRiver PlumeRobustnessRound WeightRulemakingRunRunoffSalinitySalt MarshSaltonstall-Kennedy Act (SK Funds)Salt WedgeSampleSampling DesignSashimiSatellite ImageryScattergramScenarioSchaefer ModelSchoolScientific and Statistical CommitteeScientific CruiseScientific (Fisheries) Research VesselScientific Fishery (Resource) SurveySeagrassSeamountSeasonal ClosureSecretarial Fishery Management PlanSecretary of CommerceSedentary SpeciesSeine NetSelective GearSelectivitySensitivity AnalysisSeparabilitySequential Population AnalysisSessileSet GillnetSet LonglineSexual DimorphismShadow PriceShared StockShelf BreakShelf EdgeShellfishShoalShoaling FishSimulationSingle-Species FisherySingle-Species ModelSinkSize-at-AgeSize-at-First-MaturitySize DistributionSize LimitSize SamplesSlopeSlot LimitSmall-Scale ProducersSmoltSocial CapitalSocial CostsSocial Costs and BenefitsSocial Discount RateSocial FactorsSocial Impact AssessmentSocial ImpactsSocial Rate of Time PreferenceSocio-EconomicSocio-Economic BenefitsSonarSourceSpatial (Area) ClosuresSpatial HeterogeneitySpawner-Recruit RelationshipSpawningSpawning BiomassSpawning Output per Recruit (SPR)Spawning Potential RatioSpawning StockSpawning Stock BiomassSpawning SubstrateSpeciesSpecies AssemblageSpecies DiversitySpecies GroupSpecies RichnessSpill-Over EffectsStabilityStakeholderStandardStandardization (Calibration)StandardizedStandard LengthStanding StockStated Preference MethodsState of StocksStates of NatureStationaryStatisticStatistical ModelStatus Determination CriteriaStatus of ExploitationStatus QuoSteady StateStern TrawlerStochasticStockStock AssessmentStock Assessment and Fishery Evaluation ReportStockingStock-Recruitment RelationshipStock StructureStraddling StockStrategyStratificationStratified Mean (Average) Catch Per TowSubmerged BankSubsidenceSubsidySubsistence FisherySubstitutionsSubstrateSubtidalSummary SettlementSuper SeinerSupply FunctionSupply GlutsSupportSupporting Ecosystem ServicesSupporting ServicesSupratidalSurface (Mixed) LayerSurface WaterSurimiSurplus ProductionSurplus Production ModelSurvey DesignSurvival RateSurvival RatioSustainabilitySustainability IndicatorsSustainable Catch (Yield)Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Fisheries ActSustainable FishingSustainable UseSystems AnalysisTaggingTarget FishingTarget Fishing CapacityTarget Reference PointTarget SpeciesTarget StrengthTechnological InteractionTemperate WatersTenureTerminal FTerraceTerritorial SeaThermoclineThreshold Reference PointThresholdsTidal CurrentTidal FlatTidal MarshTidal RangeTidal WetlandsT MAXT MINTop-Down ManagementTotal Allowable CatchTotal CatchTotal Economic Value FrameworkTotal LengthTotal Maximum Daily LoadTotal MortalityTotal WelfareTradable PermitsTrade AnalysisTrade-offTradeoffsTraditional RightsTragedy of the CommonsTransaction CostsTransboundary StocksTransferred SpeciesTransgenicTransitionalTranslocationTransnational FisheriesTransparencyTransshipmentTransshipmentTrap FishingTrawlingTrawl NetTrenchTrip LimitsTrollerTrollingTrophic GroupTrophic LevelT TARGETTuningTurbidityTurtle Excluder DeviceTwo-pie SystemTypographic FeaturesUnblocked QuotaUncertaintyUNCLOSUnderfishedUndersizedUnderutilized SpeciesUndeveloped FisheryUnit StockUnregulated FisheryUplandUpwellingUsable StockUserUser GroupUse RightsUser-Pays PrincipleUtilized StockValuationValueValue AddedValuesVariableVariable CostsVertical IntegrationVessel ClassVessel Monitoring SystemVessel OperatorVessel OwnerVirgin BiomassVirgin StockVirtual Population AnalysisVital RatesVulnerabilityWasteWater ColumnWater MassWater PollutionWater QualityWater Quality CriteriaWater ResourcesWatershedWeight-at-AgeWetlandYieldYield per RecruitYield-per-Recruit AnalysisZero Mortality Rate GoalZero Opportunity CostsZoningZooplankton
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