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Fake news, a term that rose to prominence during the 2016 U.S. presidential election campaign, is not advertising but rather false information presented in the form of factual news. Fake news can have many purposes, including disinformation, mischief and revenue from clicks and page views. Fake news operations can be found across the political spectrum and are not confined to either conservative or liberal viewpoints, thus making it difficult for even the skeptical reader or viewer to judge the veracity of information.

FK Reading Ease
43.2

FK Grade Level
High School
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  • A particle composed of a piece of genetic material—RNA or DNA—surrounded by a protein coat. Viruses can reproduce only in living cells.

    FK Reading Ease
    34.2

    FK Grade Level
    High School
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  • FK Reading Ease
    83

    FK Grade Level
    Elementary School
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  • A preparation that stimulates an immune response that can prevent an infection or create resistance to an infection. Vaccines do not cause disease.

    FK Reading Ease
    48

    FK Grade Level
    High School
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  • A microscopic living organism. Examples include bacteria, protozoa, and some fungi and parasites. Viruses are also called microbes.

    FK Reading Ease
    3.3

    FK Grade Level
    College
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  • Disease that results when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues. Examples include multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus.

    FK Reading Ease
    11.4

    FK Grade Level
    College
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  • FK Reading Ease
    39.6

    FK Grade Level
    High School
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  • FK Reading Ease
    67.8

    FK Grade Level
    Middle School
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  • A family of proteins important for first-­line immune defenses against microbes.

    FK Reading Ease
    32.5

    FK Grade Level
    High School
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  • A state of immune nonresponsiveness to a particular antigen or group of antigens.

    FK Reading Ease
    30.9

    FK Grade Level
    College
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